It all started on 15th November 1981 when about 4000 people from the weaker section in Greater Mumbai, India who were in dire need of single room housing, came together in a Conference at Goregaon to demand land from the State Government for their tiny shelters. The Urban Land (Ceiling and Regulations) Act, 1976 had offered about 12,000 acres of vacant land in Greater Mumbai to the State Government at a notional price for allotting it for weaker section housing and other public purposes. However, on account of the deliberate apathy of the then State Government and of vested interest, the land was being misused. Artificial scarcity in housing was created thereby rocketing the prices sky-high. Against this background, the Conference demanded developed U.L.C.land from the State Government at a fair price. "We do not want it free as charity; we will construct our own houses," declared the Conference. It exhorted the people to open individual accounts in their own names in a single bank, i.e. The New India Co-op. Bank Ltd, Goregaon and deposit Rs.1,000/- to Rs. 1,500/- in the account towards the cost of land. This Conference later turned into a people's movement for housing called NAGARI NIVARA PARISHAD .